Pond Plants

A wildlife-friendly pond is the most effective thing that you can add to a garden to attract wildlfe. Ponds should be carefully designed and located  (they cannot easily be moved!) and planted up with a variety of wildlife-friendly plants to have the best effect. Submerged plants will act as oxygenators, while floating species (both rooted and free floating) will provide shade and help to prevent a take-over by blanketweed (algae). Emergents grow with their feet in the water whilst marginals spread around the edges.

Submerged Myriophyllum spicatum Spiked Water Milfoil
Potamogeton crispus Curled Pond Weed
Ceratophyllum demersum Rigid Hornwort
Ceratophyllum submersum Soft Hornwort
Hydrocharis morsus-ranae Frogbit
Lemna sp. Duckweed
Floating -Rooted
Nymphaea alba White Water-lily
Nymphoides peltata Fringe Waterlily
Potamogeton natans Broad-leaved Pondweed
Emergent. Roots in water, shoots, above
Apium nodiflorum Fool’s Water cress
Alisma plantago-aquatica Water-plantain
Butomus umbellatus Flowering Rush
Caltha palustris Marsh Marigold
Phragmites australis Common Reed
Polygonum amphibium Amphibious Bistort
Ranunculus lingua Greater Spearwort
Rorippa nasturtium aquaticum Watercress
Sagittaria sagittifola Arrow-head
Scirpus lacustris Common Clubrush
Scrophularia aquatica Water Figwort
Sparganium erecdtum Branched Bur-reed
Thypha latifolia Bullrush
Veronica becca-bunga Brooklime
Marginals. Roots in very shallow water or damp soils around pont edges.
Achillea ptarmica Sneezewort
Althaea officinalis Marsh Mallow
Angelica sylvestris Wild Angelica
Cardamine pratensis Cuckoo flower
Eupatorium cannabinum Hemp Agrimony
Filipendula ulmaria Meadowsweet
Geum rivale Water Avens
Iris pseudocorus Flag Iris
Juncus effusus Soft Rush
Lotus pedunculatus Greater Bird’s-foot Trefoil
Lychnis flos-cuculi Ragged Robin
Lychnis flos-cuculi – var alba Ragged Robin -white form
Lycopus europaeus Gypsywort
Lythrum salicaria Purple Loosestrife
Mentha aquatica Water Mint
Menyanthes trifoliata Bog Bean
Mimulus guttatus Monkey Flower
Myosotis scorpioides Water Forget-me-not
Potentilla palustris Marsh Cinquefoil
Pulicaria dysenterica Common Fleabane
Ranunculus flammula Lesser Spearwort
Sanguisorba officinalis Great Burnet
Scutellaria galericulata Skullcap
Sparganium erectum Branched Bur-reed
Stratiotes aloides Water Soldier
Succisa pratensis Devil’s-bit Scabious
Thalictrum flavum Common Meadow Rue
Typha latifolia Bulrush
Valeriana dioica Marsh Valerian
Valeriana officinalis Common Valerian
Moisture loving Ferns
Anthriscus felix-femina Lady Fern
Matteuccia struthiopteris Shuttlecock Fern
Osmunda regalis Royal Fern